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Sent Away: Introduction to the Apostles

posted Oct 18, 2018, 8:06 AM by Allen Bergstrazer

Sent away;











                                                                                  let go




                                                                                                                      sent away


Our English synonyms don’t always help us in understanding one single word;



1.   Apostles:   ἀπόστολος (apóstolos), meaning "one who is sent away", from στέλλω ("stello", "send") + από (apo, "away from")


2.   In English an Apostle is an emissary, someone whose duty is to convey messages. in the case of the Christian apostles, the message they were sent away to convey was the message of the "good news of the Gospel of Jesus Christ", and they were sent away by Jesus to the Jews in Matthew 10:1 - 7

“Who is sent and why?”



3.   The 12 Disciples: 

a.  The original apostles are listed four times in Mark 3:16-19, Matthew 10:2-4, Luke 6:14-16 and Acts 1:13 (where Matthias is appointed as a replacement for Judas). 

b.  What do you notice about their occupations?

c.  What do we notice about their names? 


4.  Training of the twelve:  The Lord knew that his mission  must be entrusted to the hands of those who would carry on after he had ascended. For that reason he devoted a great deal of time and attention to the training of the disciples. 


a.  How did Jesus teach in public?


b.  How did Jesus teach in private?

Matthew 13:10-13, 36.  Mark 4:10-20, 34. Luke 8:9-15.  Mark 16:21.Mark 8:31, 9:31, 10:33-34; 14:62. Luke 9:21-22, 26. Also John 5:24-30, John 13:13


c.  What title is used of Jesus more than any other? 

Matthew 8:19, 12:38, 17:24. Mark 4:38, 12:14, 19, 32. Luke 7:40, 10:25. John 3:2


5. The qualifications of the twelve:

a.  Acts 1:12-22

b.  John 19:20

c. Acts 2:24, & 32, 4:10, 5:30-32, 13:3

6.  The authority of the Apostles:

a.  What had they seen?

b.  Who had chosen them? (Luke 6:12-13, John 13:18, 15:16, 19. Acts 1:2, 10:41)

c.  What gifts did they have?  (Acts 1:8)

7.  Next week; Simon Peter, the man with the foot shaped mouth.

In our study we will consider the apostles as individuals, and what that means for us.  We will find that there is quite a bit known about a few of the disciples, and not so much about others. There are things that we can know about them and the early church that are found in other historical sources, and some things fall simply under the category of ‘lore.’ That is, stories that were handed down through the millennia that cannot be corroborated but do not detract from what do know about them as written in the New Testament.